DISTRICT PROFILE

BRIEF INTRODUCTION OF THE DISTRICT

 

Tuensang is located in the eastern part of Nagaland. It is bounded by Mon and Longleng Districts in the north and north east respectively, Mokokchung in the northwest, Zunheboto in the southwest, Kiphire in the south, and Myanmar in the east. In the early seventies, at the instance of the Geographical Survey of India in collaboration with the Myanmar Government, 9(nine) RCC pillars touching Tuensang were erected all along the International Border demarcating India and Myanmar. The whole area of the district is 1,728 sq.km (Approximately).




fig: Map of Tuensang


            The area comprising the present District of Tuensang remained totally unadministered in the pre-independence days. The British had declared it as an Excluded Area. The people had almost no contact with the outside world. Head hunting and other primitive practices were common and in fact a case of head hunting was reported as late as October 1963 at Panso in the District. In 1948, for the first time, an administrative center was established at Tuensang and in 1945 the area (including the present Mon, Longleng and Kiphire Districts) was brought under the North East Frontier Agency (NEFA) as the Tuensang Frontier Division. In 1957, the Tuensang Frontier Division was merged with the Naga Hills District of Assam to form an administrative unit called the Naga Hills Tuensang Area (NHTA). The administration of NHTA was the responsibility of the Govenor of Assam under the control of the Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India. There were only three districts at that time in Nagaland, Kohima, Mokokchung and Tuensang.

            As a result of the 16 point agreement signed between the Naga People’s Convention and the Government of India, NHTA became a full-fledged State of Nagaland on 1st December 1963. It was the 16th State of the India Union. Special provisions were, however, made for the then Tuensang District in view of its relative backwardness, under which the District would have a Regional Council for a period of Ten years with the Deputy Commissioner as Chairman. The Regional Council also nominated tribal representatives to be the members of the Nagaland Legislative Assembly. There was a separate Ministry for Tuensang affairs from among the nominated members of the area. It was only in 1973, at the end of the ten-year period that the Regional Council was abolished and the people of Tuensang district began to participate in the elections to the Nagaland Legislative Assembly along with the rest of the state. There were 20 MLA’s from the area out of a total of 60 seats in the Assembly. Later, the three Districts of Nagaland were reorganized into seven District whereby Tuensang was bifurcated into two Districts – Tuensang and Mon. Tuensang was further divided in 2004, when Longleng and Kiphire two of its Sub-Division were made full-fledged districts.

            Tuensang town is located at 26.28°N 94.83°E. It has an average elevation of 1371 metres (4498 feet).The town has a distance of 269 Kms from Kohima via Whoka and Mokokchung district and 235 Kms via Zunheboto district. It is connected by National Highway 202, NST buses ply on this route regularly. The District is inhabited by four major tribes, the Changs, the Yimchungers, the Khiamniungans and the Sangtams and sub-tribe, Tikhirs under the nomenclature of Yimchunger.
The tribes inhabiting in the District are rich in cultural heritage and their dresses are very colorful. Their dances are rhythmic and songs are heartwarming.
The climate of the District falls under sub-tropical type in the low land areas while higher areas have temperate climate. The annual rainfall is 2000mm and the maximum and minimum temperature recorded 30 and 5 degree centigrade respectively.
The most common practice of agriculture is Jhum-Shifting cultivation. The main crops are Rice Maize, Millet, Kholar bean etc. Beside varieties of wild fruits and vegetables are found in this district. Handicrafts and handloom are the main culture in this district.

                        There are deposits of Coal, Marble, Limestone, and Magnet in some areas of the District. Some of the wild animals and birds found in the District are Wild Mithun, Tragopan, Pheasant, Wild Boar, Stag, Deer, Antelope, Mountain Goat, Tiger, Python and monkeys of various types including Langour.

 

DISTRICT PROFILE

1

Total Area (GIS 2012 Record)

2135 sq.km

2

Population (2011 census)

1,96,801

 

Male

1,01,977

 

Female

94,824

4

Density of population

92.18 per,sq.km

5

Literate Rate (Age 7+)

73.69%

 

Male

76.76%

 

female

70.39%

6

Highest Altitude

1371 above sea level

7

Rainfall

2000mm

8

Highest Mountain

Jetse Mountain, under 57 Thonoknyu Area

9

Biggest/Longest Rivers

Zunki, Tizu,Dikhu, Chite

10

Position in District

3rd

11

Number of Recognised villages

128 & Unrecognised=11

12

Tribes & Festivals

 

 

Chang

Nyaknyulum

 

Sangtam

Mongmong

 

Sangtam

Tsokum

 

Yimchunger

Metemneo

 


ADMINISTRATIVE HEADQUARTERS

District Headquater

Tuensang

ADC Hq.

  1. Noklak
  2. Shamator
  3. Longkhim

SDO Hq.

  1. Noksen
  2. Thonoknyu
  3. Chessore

EAC Hq.

  1. Nokhu
  2. Panso
  3. Chare
  4. Ngongchung
  5. Sangsangnyu
  6. Sotokur
  7. Chingmei
  8. Mongko

 

 

 POLICE STATION AND OUTPOST              

 

Police Station

 

Tuensang

 

Longkhim-Chare

 

Shamator

 

Noklak

Out Post

Noksen

 Chare

Thonoknyu

 

                            

 

 

                           

 

NUMBER OF VILLAGES AND HEALTH CENTRES BLOCK-WISE

Sl.
No

Block

No. of villages & Towns

No. of population

No. of Health Units covered

1

TuensangSadar

26

59,298

District Hospital -1, PHC 2, S/C-11

2

Noklak

28

32,253

CHC-1, PHC-2, S/C-6

3

Thonoknyu

14

13,631

PHC-1, S/C-5

4

Noksen

10

16,001

PHC-1, S/C-5

5

Longkhim

25

26,832

CHC-1, PHC-4, SHC-1,S/C-5

6

Shamator

28

45,954

PHC-2, S/C-7

 

 

WATER SUPPLY CONNECTIVITY

  1. Numbers of Villages connected with water supply ……………….. 110
  2. Numbers of Villages not connected with water supply …………… 29

 

EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS.

 

 College

   HSS

HS

Upper Primary

Primary

Upper Primary with Primary

ITI

DIET

Government

     1

     3

15

 59

    176

9

1

1

Private

     1

     1

 15

 13

      17

-

 

 

Total

     2

     4

 30

 72

    193

9

1

1